Recognition over Recall.

Showing users things they can recognize improves usability over needing to recall items from scratch because the extra context helps users retrieve information from memory.

Recognition over recallUI Patterns
Recognition Over RecallZurb
Memory Recognition and Recall in User InterfacesNielsen Norman GroupJuly 6th, 2014
Principles of Design 38 – Recognition Over RecallDoctor DisruptionJanuary 1st, 2012